Woodlands Junior Kent Homework Egypt

 

It was very important to ancient Egyptian religious beliefs that the human body was preserved. A method of artificial preservation, called mummification was developed by the ancient Egyptians. Mummification was a complicated and lengthy process which lasted up to 70 days.

A mummy is the body of a person (or an animal) that has been preserved after death.

They were any Egyptian who could afford to pay for the expensive process of preserving their bodies for the afterlife.

The Egyptians believed in life after death. They believed that they had to preserve their bodies so they could use them in the afterlife.

The Egyptians believed that when they died, they would make a journey to another world where they would lead a new life. They would need all the things they had used when they were alive, so their families would put those things in their graves. Egyptians paid vast amounts of money to have their bodies properly preserved. Egyptians who were poor were buried in the sand whilst the rich ones were buried in a tomb.

It was called mummification.

It took a very long time, from start to finish, it took about 70 days to embalm a body. The priest in charge would wear the mask of a jackal representing the god Anubis.

1. The body was washed and purified.
2. Organs were removed. Only the heart remained.
3. The body was filled with stuffing.
4. The body was dried by covering it with a substance called natron*. This substance absorbed all the moisture from the body.
5. After 40 - 50 days the stuffing was removed and replaced with linen or sawdust.
6. The body was wrapped in strands of linen and covered in a sheet called a shroud.
7. The body was placed in a stone coffin called a sarcophagus.

The mummy was now ready for its journey to the afterlife.

*

Natron is a natural salt, composed of sodium carbonate and sodium bicarbonate with traces of sodium chloride and sodium sulfate. It was used by the ancient egyptians to dry out the bodies.

The Egyptians thought the heart was the centre of intelligence and emotion.

Anubis was the god of mummification. He had a human body and the head of a jackal. His job was to prepare the bodies of the dead to be received by Osiris.

Ancient Egyptians were buried with their belongings and the tomb walls were painted with scenes from the dead persons life. The objects included furniture, games and even food was placed in the tombs for the long After Life journey!

Canopic Jars were used by ancient Egyptians to hold mummified remains.
Find out more

The poor Egyptians were buried in the sand. Only the rich ones were buried in a tomb

In the Old and Middle Kingdoms (2628-1638 BC), Egyptian kings were buried in pyramids. About 50 royal pyramids have survived. They were built on the desert edge, west of the ancient capital of Memphis.

The pyramids are the stone tombs of Egypt's kings - the Pharaohs.
Find out more about pyramids

The Egyptians believed that if the pharaoh's body could be mummified after death the pharaoh would live forever. The tombs were designed to protect the buried Pharaoh's body and his belongings.

Further Information

Prepare a Mummy
A fun interactive online activity.

Interesting facts about Mummies

Making a Mummy
Learn to make a mummy and prepare the pharaoh for his tomb.s

You wouldn't want to become an Egyptian Mummy -
Disgusting things you'd rather not know!

All about Egyptian Mummies

Mummification
See the pictures of the materials and tools used in mummification.

Animal Mummies - Compass Site ( The British Museum )
Why did the ancient Egyptians mummify their cats, dogs, crocodiles, birds, even eels? Follow this tour to find out.

Death and the Afterlife by Mark Telford, Aged 8yrs

The Egyptians believed that when they died they would make a journey to another world where they would lead a new life. They would need all the things they had used when they were alive, so their families would put those things in their graves. Egyptians paid vast amounts of money to have their bodies properly preserved - trained undertakers treated the body with chemicals and wrapped it in tight bandages to keep it in shape.
Read more ....

Click able Mummy
Click on different parts of the Mummy you will see, to view interesting facts and information about the mummification process.

Mummification
In order to go to the underworld, you had to be mummified......

Make your own Mummy
Instructions on how to make your own Mummy.

Mummies of Ancient Egypt
What are mummies?
How are mummies made?
Who were the mummies?

 

 

There were over 2,000 names of gods in Ancient Egypt.

Some images of Ancient Egyptian gods and goddesses show them with a human body and the head of a bird or an animal.

Animals were chosen to represent the powers of the god.

was the Goddess of Protection of joy, love, pleasure and pregnant woman.

In Egyptian mythology, the sacred cat is the animal incarnation of the goddess Bast or Bastet. She was the protector of women and childbirth, as well as a loving goddess who enjoyed music and dance. Find out more

He guided the dead to the next life via the court of Osiris in the Underworld. He was the one who looked after the mummification process. Find out more

Ra was the most important God. He was the lord of all the gods. He was usually shown in human form with a falcon head, crowned with the sun disc encircled by the a sacred cobra.

Ra sailed across the heavens in a boat called the 'Barque of Millions of Years'. At the end of each day Ra was thought to die and sailed on his night voyage through the Underworld, leaving the Moon to light the world above. Find out more

 

Heket

Tefnut

Anubis

Name of God   
AmunKing of the Gods
When Amun was combined with the sun god Ra he was even more powerful. He was then called Amun-Ra.
Head of a ram
AnubisGod of Mummification (embalming and the dead).
His role was as the "guardian to necropolis"
Priests often wore a mask of Anubis during mummification ceremonies.
Head of a jackal
Bast (Bastet)Goddess of Protection and of household entertainment
Thought to be the daughter of the sun god Ra
Head of a cat
GebEarth God
The ancient Egyptians believed that earthquakes were Geb's laughter.
Head of a goose
HathorGoddess of love and joy and also of music and dance .Head of a cow
SekmetGoddess of war and battle Head of a lioness
HorusGod of the sky
The Egyptians believed that the pharaoh was the 'living Horus'.
Head of a falcon
HeketGoddess of childbirth Head of frog
TefnutGoddess of of the rain Head of lioness
ThothGod of wisdom (writing and knowledge)Head of an ibis bird
SobekGod of Nile and swidt actionHead of a crocodile

Further Informtation


The Myth of Osiris and Isis

Ancient Egyptian Gods - discover more

Egyptian Gods
Discover more about Egyptian gods. Click on a god's name or symbol name for picture and information or story.

78 Egyptian Gods
This site has great images of gods as well as interesting facts. Click on the name of the god you want on the left hand side of the page.

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